JUST IN: New Report Shows Atmospheric Radiation Increasing via Cosmic Rays

As you might have guessed, this is no surprise to this researcher. It is good to see the science community taking this scenario very seriously. What’s a bit different is the choice to go public with this hard hitting evidence highlighting the consequence of Earth’s weakening magnetic field, along with Cycle 24’s solar activity reaching solar minimum.

I am once again humbled to bring evidence showing my research is months, sometimes a year or two or three, ahead of fundamental science communities.

As a brief reminder, the less intensity of solar activity such as coronal mass ejections (CMEs), solar flares, and coronal holes – the greater amount of galactic cosmic rays enter Earth’s atmosphere, and the higher charged particles penetrate Earth’s lithosphere, and in my personal research, has an influence down to the mantle.

Last week’s double launch of space weather balloons over Mexico and California was a success. The goal of the experiment was to measure cosmic rays in the atmosphere above both countries and compare the results. A first look at the data reveal big differences.

These curves show dose rate vs. altitude. They diverge rapidly above ~15,000 feet, with radiation levels over central California typically 1.5 times higher than over Mexico. This means air travelers over California can expect to receive significantly greater doses of cosmic radiation compared to their counterparts flying south of the border. In both places, radiation levels reached a peak in the stratosphere. At those altitudes, radiation dose rates were 60 times greater than sea level for Mexico, 90 times greater than sea level for California.

The reason for these differences is Earth’s magnetic field which, generally speaking, provides greater shielding against cosmic rays near the equator (Mexico) than at mid-latitudes (California). The radiation sensors onboard our helium balloons detect X-rays and gamma-rays in the energy range 10 keV to 20 MeV. They trace secondary cosmic rays, the spray of debris created when primary cosmic rays from deep space hit the top of Earth’s atmosphere.

Soon after our monitoring program began, we quickly realized that radiation levels were increasing. Why? The main reason is the solar cycle. In recent years, sunspot counts have plummeted as the Sun’s magnetic field weakens. This has allowed more cosmic rays from deep space to penetrate the solar system. As 2017 winds down, our latest measurements show the increase continuing at pace–with an interesting exception due to an influx of a large X9.3 solar flare.

In Sept. 2017, the quiet Sun surprised space weather forecasters with a sudden outburst of explosive activity. On Sept. 3rd, a huge sunspot appeared. In the week that followed, it unleashed the strongest solar flare in more than a decade (X9-class), hurled a powerful CME toward Earth, and sparked a severe geomagnetic storm (G4-class). During the onslaught we quickened the pace of balloon launches and found radiation dropping to levels we hadn’t seen since 2015. The flurry of solar flares and CMEs actually pushed some cosmic rays away from Earth.

Interestingly, after the Sun’s outburst radiation levels in the stratosphere took more than 2 months to fully rebound. Now they are back on track, increasing steadily as the quiet Sun resumes its progress toward Solar Minimum. The fact that we can make these measurements over California shows that you do not have to travel to polar regions to experience space weather. We have known charged particles can effect weather patterns worldwide.

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Update on Kids Christmas Fund

We have been able to place a few wonderful gifts under the tree for my two beautiful daughters thanks to you. If it’s possible, I will try to fulfill their Christmas list the best I can. There are two big items each has asked for. ———–Alexa (9yrs) wants one of those new hoover boards. Sophia (5yrs) wants an AmericanGirl doll “Tenney”.

For those seeing this for the first time, there really is no need to explain further this uncomfortable position I’ve put myself in. Because of my choices some years ago to venture off into independent research and publishing – I am learning, mostly the hard way, to navigate the peaks and valleys of not having that comfortable umbrella of the more structured agencies. We all make our choices – so it is what it is.
Cheers, Mitch
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Here’s wishing you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year! Wishing you lots of love, joy and happiness. May your Christmas sparkle with moments of love, laughter and goodwill, And may the year ahead be full of contentment and joy.

Kids Christmas Fund

 

 

New Stellar Stream Discovered By Astronomers

An international team of astronomers has detected a new thin stellar stream in the halo of the Milky Way galaxy. The newly discovered feature, named “jet stream,” could help researchers answer fundamental questions about the mass distribution of the Milky Way’s dark matter halo. The finding was presented November 24 in a paper published on the arXiv pre-print server.

Stellar streams are remnants of dwarf galaxies or globular clusters that once orbited a galaxy but have been disrupted and stretched out along their orbits by tidal forces of their hosts. So far, nearly 20 stellar streams have been identified in the Milky Way, just a few in the Andromeda galaxy, and about 10 outside the Local Group.

Astronomers are interested in finding new stellar streams in the Milky Way, as they hope that such features could answer some crucial questions about the the galaxy. For instance, stellar streams could help us understand the large-scale mass distribution of the galactic dark matter halo. Moreover, they could confirm whether or not our galaxy contains low-mass dark matter subhalos.

Now, a group of researchers led by Prashin Jethwa of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) has found a new stellar stream in the Milky Way using the Search for the Leading Arm of Magellanic Satellites (SLAMS) optical survey. SLAMS utilizes the 4-m Blanco telescope at Cerro Tololo InterAmerican Observatory in Chile and is used to look for satellites of the Magellanic Clouds. However, the observations conducted by Jethwa’s team in December 2016 and January 2017, have accidentally revealed the presence of a new stellar stream in the Milky Way’s halo.

“We recently carried out a mini survey which led to the fortuitous discovery of a thin stellar stream in the outer halo, which we name the jet stream,” the researchers wrote in the paper.

According to the study, the jet stream is located about 95,000 light years away from the Earth and crosses the constellations of Hydra and Pyxis. The researchers estimate that the stream has a width of approximately 293 light years, which morphologically places it in the category of thin stellar streams along with Pal 5, GD-1 and ATLAS. The authors suggest that such thinness could indicate that a globular cluster was a progenitor of this stream.

The research also revealed that the jet stream has a mass of about 25,000 solar masses, which makes it one of the least massive stellar streams known to date. Moreover, they found that the jet stream consists of mainly metal-poor stars, and its age was calculated to be about 12.5 billion years.

Although fundamental parameters of the jet stream were determined by Jethwa’s team, still more studies are necessary to further characterize it and confirm its origin.

“Additional imaging is planned to attempt to trace the stream beyond the current survey footprint, followed by a spectroscopic campaign to determine radial velocities, metallicities, and detailed abundances, shedding light on the nature and orbital history of the progenitor. Finally, deeper, uniform imaging along the stream track will be required to robustly detect density perturbations caused by possible subhalo encounters,” the astronomers concluded.

6.0-Magnitude Quake Hits Off Papua New Guinea

A 6.0-magnitude earthquake struck just off the coast of Papua New Guinea Friday, US seismologists said, but there were no immediate reports of damage and no tsunami warning was issued.

The quake hit at a depth of 52 kilometres (32 miles) about 59.1 kilometres from the nearest town of Finschhafen in Morobe province, the United States Geological Survey said.

The quake struck within three kilometers of the shoreline, with the potential for damage up to 45 kilometers away, Geoscience Australia said.

“There is potential for some damage to the local towns,” Geoscience seismologist Eddie Leask told AFP.

“Magnitude 6.0 is reasonable in its shaking… so you do have high-energy shaking in the local areas that can cause some issues.”

Earthquakes are common in PNG, which sits on the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire, a hotspot for seismic activity due to friction between tectonic plates.

Quake Hits Southeast Iran, Destroys Homes; No Fatalities Reported

A strong earthquake of magnitude 6.0 struck southeastern Iran on Friday, injuring at least 42 people and destroying several homes in an area where most people live in villages of mud-walled homes. State media said no deaths had been reported.

Rescue workers, special teams with sniffer dogs and units of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards and Basij militia forces were sent to the quake-hit areas in Kerman province, Iran’s semi-official Fars news agency said.

State TV said many residents rushed out of houses in Kerman city and nearby villages and towns, fearing more tremors after some 51 aftershocks following the 6:32 am (0232 GMT) quake.

“The quake destroyed some houses in 14 villages but so far there has been no fatalities,” a local official told state TV. “Fortunately, no deaths have been reported so far.”

The quake struck less than three weeks after a magnitude 7.3 earthquake hit villages and towns in Iran’s western Kermansheh province along the mountainous border with Iraq, killing 530 people and injuring thousands of others.

The US Geological Survey said Friday’s quake, at first reported as magnitude 6.3, was centred 58 km northeast of Kerman city, which has a population of more than 821,000. The quake was very shallow, at a depth of 10 km, which would have amplified the shaking in the poor, sparsely populated area.

Head of Relief and Rescue Organisation of Iran’s Red Crescent Morteza Salimi told state television that at least 42 people were injured. Iran’s state news agency IRNA said most of those hurt had minor injuries.

“Assessment teams are surveying the earthquake-stricken areas and villages in Kerman province,” IRNA quoted local official Mohammadreza Mirsadeqi as saying.

Iran’s semi-official Tasnim news agency said the quake had caused heavy damage in Hojedk town and some villages were hit by power and water cuts.

State TV aired footage of damaged buildings in remote mountainous villages near Hojedk town, the epicentre of the earthquake with a population of 3,000 people. TV said coal mines in the area had been closed because of aftershocks.

Iran’s Red Crescent said emergency shelter, food and water had been sent to the quake-hit areas.

Criss-crossed by several major fault lines, Iran is one of the most earthquake-prone countries in the world. In 2003, a magnitude 6.6 quake in Kerman province killed 31,000 people and flattened the ancient city of Bam.

16 Dead, 100 Missing As Cyclone Ockhi Hits India, Sri Lanka

A powerful cyclone has killed at least 16 people across India and Sri Lanka, uprooting trees and cutting power for millions amid warnings Friday that the storm would intensify.

Disaster officials said nine people were killed in India and seven in neighbouring Sri Lanka, most crushed by trees ripped up by destructive winds raging at 130 kilometres (80 miles) per hour.

Warships have been deployed to comb the southeastern coast for fishing boats missing in wild seas, India’s Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said.

Another official said an estimated 100 crew were aboard the missing vessels, with fears held for their safety.

Torrential wind and rain unleashed by Cyclone Ockhi has shut down schools in Chennai, a coastal Indian city of seven million where conditions are set to worsen.

mages broadcast from southern India showed the scale of the destruction as the cyclone reached the shore, with electricity poles toppled and trees torn asunder.

Tourists in Kochi, a coastal city in the southern Kerala state, have been told to stay away from popular beaches where huge waves are pounding the shore.

Power was cut for millions in Kerala and neighbouring Tamil Nadu state as the storm made its way from Sri Lanka, with India’s meteorological department warning of worse to come.

“The system is very likely to intensify further during next 24 hours,” the department said in its update.

India’s eastern coast — including state capitals like Chennai and Bhubaneswar that are home to millions — is prone to seasonal storms that wreak immense damage between April and December.

In 1999, more than 8,000 people were killed when a cyclone battered the eastern state of Orissa.

Volcano In Indonesia Shoots Ash Nearly 5 Miles Into The Atmosphere

An erupting volcano with a deadly history on Indonesia’s island of Bali has spread drifting ash nearly five miles into the atmosphere and forced the island’s international airport to close two days this week.

Authorities have told 100,000 people to leave an area extending six miles from Mount Agung as it belches gray and white ash plumes.

The volcano’s last major eruption in 1963 killed about 1,100 people. It’s unclear how bad the current eruption will get or how long it will last.

Nearly 40,000 people are staying in 225 shelters, according to the Disaster Mitigation Agency in Karangasem. But tens of thousands of villagers have remained in their homes because they feel safe or don’t want to abandon their farms.

Flows of volcanic mud have been spotted on Agung’s slopes, and more are possible because it’s the rainy season, said Richard Arculus, a volcano expert at Australian National University.

“They’re not making a lot of noise. It’s just suddenly coming like a flash flood,” he said. “. . . You do not want to be near them.”

PART II – Press Release of Smallest Ozone Hole in 30 Years is Misguided; Here’s Why

Many of you will remember the numerous press release announcing the ozone hole was the smallest it has been over the last 30 years going back to 1988. NASA, NOAA and a half dozen other space agencies have stated the cause of this reduction was due to global warming. Yes, global warming, due to the warmer jet stream vortex around the Antarctic. This is ‘political tug’ number 1.

Here comes “political tug” number 2. Just two or three paragraphs later, the covey reports make a 180° turn reminding us that it is humans created the ozone hole, clearly insinuating only humans can heal it. Of course they go on to say most humans alive today will never see this because the ozone hole will not be healed until 2070.

Now here is Mitch’s prediction. Within around eight months, the healing ozone hole will be as large – or larger than it was in 1985. Why eight months? Because recent research, as a result of incredible modern technology such as Fermi, Voyager, Cassini, Ace, Ulysses, Planck, and Herschel to name a few.

If my prediction is correct, you have to ask yourself: “What will global warming enthusiast will say when the ozone is “larger” in less than a year from now?” You have known my reports on a lessening magnetic field, and an increase in galactic cosmic rays – and then add the fact we are approximately two years away from Cycle 24’s solar minimum apex.

New research indicates a time lag of approximately eight months between solar-activity data and cosmic-ray flux measurements in space. In addition, factor in solar minimum (lowest period of solar activity), and Earth’s weakening magnetic field, the sum of which would indicate a period increased of cosmic ray showers.

There may be a Part III highlighting what is only recently been acknowledged, that high-energy cosmic rays penetrate the Earth’s lithosphere which I hypothesize contributes to the heating of the surface, including the world’s oceans.

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Science Of Cycles Research Fund

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Cheers, Mitch