New Research Supports Extraterrestrial Phosphorous Critical to Creation of Life on Earth

It is one of the great ironies of biochemistry: life on Earth could not have begun without water; yet water stymies some chemical reactions necessary for life itself. Researchers report today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they have found a novel, even poetic solution to the so-called “water problem”.

The water problem relates primarily to the element phosphorous, which is attached to a variety of life’s molecules through a process called phosphorylation. “You and I are alive because of phosphorus and phosphorylation,” said Richard Zare, a professor of chemistry and one of the paper’s senior authors. “You can’t have life without phosphorous.”

Phosphorous is a necessary ingredient in many molecules critical for life, including our DNA, it’s relative RNA and in the molecule that makes up our body’s energy storage system, called ATP. But ordinarily water gets in the way of producing those chemicals. Modern life has evolved ways of sidestepping that problem in the form of enzymes that help phosphorylation along. But how primitive components of these molecules formed before the workarounds evolved remains a controversial and at times slightly oddball subject. Among the proposed solutions are highly reactive forms of extraterrestrial phosphorous and heating powered by naturally occurring nuclear reactions.

Microdroplets solve the phosphorylation problem in a relatively elegant way, in large part because they have geometry on their side. It turns out that water is mostly a problem when the phosphate is floating around inside a pool of water or a primitive ocean, rather than on its surface.

Microdroplets are mostly surface. They perfectly optimize the need for life to form in and around water, but with enough surface area for phosphorylation and other reactions to occur.

In fact, the large amount of surface area provided by microdroplets is already known to be a great place for chemistry. Previous experiments suggest microdroplets can increase reaction rates for other processes by a thousand or even a million times, depending on the details of the reaction being studied.

Spontaneous molecules

Microdroplets seemed like a possible solution to the water problem. But to show that they really work, Zare and his colleagues sprayed tiny droplets of water, laced with phosphorous and other chemicals, into a chamber where the resulting compounds could be analyzed. They found several phosphate-containing molecules occurred spontaneously on these lab-made microdroplets without any catalyst to get them started. Those molecules included sugar phosphates, which are a step in how our cells create energy, and one of the molecules that make up RNA, a DNA relative that primitive organisms use to carry their genetic code. Both reactions are rare at best in larger volumes of water.

That observation, joined with the fact that microdroplets are ubiquitous – from clouds in the sky to the mist created by a crashing ocean wave – suggests that they could have played a role in fostering life on Earth. In the future, Zare hopes to look for phosphates that make up proteins and other molecules.

Even if he can produce those compounds, however, Zare does not believe he and his colleagues will have found the one true solution to the origin of life. “I don’t think we’re going to understand exactly how life began on Earth,” said Zare, who is also the Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor in Natural Science. Essentially, he said, that is because no one can go back in time to watch what happened as life emerged and there is no good fossil record for the formation of biomolecules. “But we could understand some of the possibilities,” he added.

Indonesia Volcano May Erupt Explosively Or Menace For Weeks

BALI, Indonesia – Experts say a suddenly active volcano on the Indonesian tourist island of Bali is more likely to erupt than not.

But because every volcano has its own unique characteristics, scientists can’t predict when that will be with total certainty. It could erupt suddenly or continue for weeks at its current menacing level of seismic activity.

WHAT’S LED TO ERUPTION WARNINGS?

The slow movement of the tectonic plates that make up the planet’s surface carries massive quantities of rock deep into the earth, where they melt. As this molten magma rises, pressure increases inside a sealed chamber beneath the mountain until it explodes.

The type of magma that feeds Mount Agung traps more gas, which tends to produce larger eruptions. It’s the rising volume of magma that is causing hundreds of tremors being recorded daily around the mountain.

“The volcano is bulging, causing a large number of small cracks to form and the earth to vibrate,” said David Boutelier, a geologist and expert on plate tectonics at Australia’s University of Newcastle.

HOW SOON COULD IT ERUPT?

Disaster officials said instruments recorded more than 800 volcanic earthquakes on Wednesday. Many of the quakes in the past week have been strong enough to be felt by people in the surrounding region.

In theory, the current level of activity could go on for some time without an eruption. It is difficult to predict because each volcano behaves differently.

“It could continue for the next few days or weeks, but an eruption could also happen any time given its condition is very critical,” said Gede Swantika, head of volcanology at Indonesia’s Center for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation.

Heather Handley, an earth sciences specialist at Sydney’s Macquarie University, said Agung’s last eruption in 1963 was preceded by earthquakes, small ash eruptions and lava flow. “It is hard to know for sure what will happen this time,” she said.

WHAT ARE THE CHANCES IT WILL ERUPT?

Authorities raised the volcano’s alert status to the highest level on Sept. 15 and announced a no-go zone that extends up to 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) from the crater. More than 130,000 people have fled, including some who live farther away.

“We could say that the chance of an eruption is very high, above 50 percent,” said Swantika.

Entering the exclusion zone would be extraordinarily risky.

“I would not go now. The activity is too high and the risk much too large,” Boutelier said. The pyroclastic flow, a rush of hot gas, ash and other volcanic material, would “kill everyone in its path in a few seconds,” he added.

COULD THE VOLANCO SUDDENLY GO QUIET AGAIN?

It’s possible the volcano could calm back down, but that is unlikely without pressure being released in some way.

Handley said there were signs of activity such as gas releases and earthquakes in 1989 and swelling of the volcano between 2007 and 2009 without any subsequent eruptions.

But this time around, the buildup of activity is much more significant, she said.

“It is unlikely that the volcano goes quiet without the pressure being released one way or another,” said Boutelier. “We can hope for a lava flow, which would allow pressure to decrease without the hazard of an explosion.”

Giant Atlantic Superstorm Set To Smash Into Britain Next Week

Violent gales and torrential downpours will bring chaos across the country with power and transport networks facing severe disruption.

The latest weather models show Hurricanes Lee and Maria – currently located off the east coast of the United States – merging in the mid-Atlantic Ocean to form a colossal new storm.

Both Hurricanes are currently at Category One strength as they make their way across the Atlantic. Latest GFS tracks released this morning show the projected path of the newly formed storm hitting the UK early next week.

Meteorologists fear an extremely violent post-tropical cyclone – Storm Brian – will form and head straight for the UK.

The current projected path of Storm Brian – as it will be called if it severely threatens the UK – shows it making landfall next Monday, with the churning vortex smashing first into Ireland, then mainland Britain.

Britons should brace themselves for “a bang” according to experts who warn the nation faces “significant” disruption.

Jim Dale, forecaster for British Weather Services, said megastorm caused by Maria and Lee coming together could give rise to the UK’s second named storm of the season.

He said: “Both hurricanes are located around the northeast coast of America but we expect them to get together around Sunday.

“The jet stream is powering up and as it swings southwards towards the end of the week it will help steer the remnants of these storms towards us.

“Both of these are powerful systems and when they get caught up in the jet stream they could be given more life.”

Meteorologists are keeping a very close eye on developments over ocean waters and the track of the jet stream over the next few days.

Mr Dale added: “We do have the potential for major winds next week. A significant October storm is not out of the question.

“It is likely we will see severe gales, perhaps not right across the whole country, but certainly one to watch.”

The US National Hurricane Center issued a revised forecast warning that Hurricane Maria would turn east-northeastward towards Britain – and Lee – and accelerate within 48 hours.

It said hurricane-force winds currently extend outward up to 105 miles from the centre of Maria and tropical-storm-force winds up to 240 miles. Lee is smaller, with a hurricane force wind field of 15 miles and tropical-storm-force winds extending outward up to 45 miles.

Lee and Maria are currently causing 75 to 100mph winds offshore the mainland US. Latest ECM TC tracks also show both hurricanes heading East North East.

WX Charts tweeted: “The GFS again showing remnants of #Maria and #Lee combining with an extra-tropical low and heading towards the British Isles by Sunday.”

Weather forecaster Jim Cantore said: “Lee is firing up and trying to meet up with Maria before they both take off for a trip and transition on the way to Europe.”

Maria and Lee are expected to make an extratropical transition by combining with low pressure in the Atlantic later heading toward the UK by Sunday.

Maria is still much bigger in size than Lee despite both being Category One hurricanes however wind speeds are at similar levels in both.

Latest NOAA update on Maria and Lee show Maria weakening slightly as it continues northward while Lee is still strengthening and moving at high speed.

Both are forecast to make an abrupt northeastwards turn later this week before Maria engulfs Lee to form a new, major storm.

This will give rise to one deep low pressure system which, helped by the jet stream, will then hurtle towards the west coast of Britain.

Eleanor Bell, forecaster for The Weather Company, said: “We expect Maria to curve back over the Atlantic before joining with Lee and forming one deep low pressure system.

“The latest models are showing a significant low moving across the UK next Monday bringing some very wet and windy conditions.

“It is going be a very unsettled period of weather for the UK.

“It is difficult at this early stage to say where will see the most impact, and while everywhere is likely to see something, we think the north and the west will be most unsettled.

“Nowhere is really going to escape the wind and rain, and we are looking at gale-force winds.”

The impact from Monday’s assault threatens to unleash a worse assault than Storm Aileen which struck mid-September.

While there was some disruption including loss of power and transport delays, the impact was less severe than first thought.

It will be a shock to the system to many in the UK after the relatively calm, settled and unusually warm start to autumn.

While stirring up gales this side of the Atlantic, the remnants of the storms will also drag a swath of warm air across the UK.

Temperatures are expected to start creeping up at the beginning of next week although it will feel cool in the wind and rain, experts say.

Worrying forecasting models project the storm system rapidly deepening before hitting the west coast of Britain next Monday.

Brian will be named as the second storm of the season if the likely impacts are deemed by the Met Office to be severe enough.

Britain and the US have separate systems for naming autumn storms, so when Maria and Lee reach the UK as one storm they will be re-named Brian.

The Met Office said with one week to ago before the remnants of both system are due to hit the UK, the impact is still uncertain.

Spokesman Grahame Madge said: “Some of the model outputs are suggesting the hurricanes may merge to form a new depression in the Atlantic.

“There are also various predictions of the track it will take, so there is still much uncertainty at this stage.

He added: “However, if the two systems merge, they will bring air of tropical origin into the north Atlantic giving energy to low pressure systems closer to the UK.

“Putting warm, tropical air into these serves to modify them and this happens there is the potential for rising humidity and winds in the UK.”

Britain’s largely settled weather over the past few weeks has been driven by a huge area of high pressure stretching across Europe from Russia.

This is expected to start weakening over the next few days opening the doors to stormy conditions from the Atlantic.

BREAKING NEWS: Massive 8.2 Magnitude Quake Hits Off Coast of Southern Mexico

A massive 8.2 magnitude earthquake hit off the coast of southern Mexico late Thursday night, causing buildings to sway violently and people to flee into the streets in panic as far away as the capital city. The USGS reports their instruments measured slightly lower at 8.0 magnitude.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center registered the quake as measuring 8.2 magnitude at its epicenter located 165 kilometers (102 miles) west of Tapachula in southern Chiapas state not far from Guatemala. It had a depth of 35 kilometers (22 miles).

The PTWC  reports tsunami waves have been observed. Based on all current data received, hazardous tsunami waves are forecast for local and regional coastal areas. Tsunami waves are reaching heights more than 3 meters high (9.8 feet).

The U.S. Tsunami Warning System said hazardous tsunami waves were possible on the Pacific coasts of several Central American countries. Waves were possible within the next three hours for Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, Honduras and Ecuador, it said. There was no tsunami threat for the U.S. West Coast.

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 Civil protection officials were checking for damage in Chiapas, but the quake was so powerful that frightened residents in Mexico City more than 1,000 kilometers (650 miles) away fled apartment buildings, often in their pajamas, and gathered in groups in the street.

Around midnight buildings swayed strongly for more than minute, loosening light fixtures from ceilings. Helicopters crisscrossed the sky above Mexico City with spotlights. Some neighborhoods kept electricity while others remained in darkness.

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Science Of Cycles Hurricane Relief Initiative

Be a part of Science Of Cycles hurricane relief initiative. Lets come together and help those who need a helping hand. Notice I did not specify a hurricane name, why? Because there is more than Harvey and Irma heading our way. The banner is set up for you to be able to place any amount you wish.   Cheers, Mitch

 

 

IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT: The Battle Between ‘Disclosure vs Omission’

Before I disclose coming announcements regarding civil disturbance and Earth changing events, I think it is important to gain a foundation regarding the nature of news which will be coming forth.

Over the next hours, days, and weeks I will be sending out what will be extraordinary breaking news occurrences and developments. I feel it is most important to maintain a sense of groundedness and empowerment. The upcoming articles will be alarming, and there is the risk of setting off inherent defense triggers every human possess. It is this very necessary ‘fight or flight’ defense posture which is ‘hard wired’ for survival. However, it is also this very human and compulsory reflex which can work against us.

It will be up to each and every one of us, to stride toward minimizing, or perhaps better stated ‘preparing’, for events ahead which could generate distorted ’cause and effect’ reactions, often triggered by past experiences. It is also important to have some understanding of our ability, or inability, to handle rapid change. It is my belief we will need to practice our innate skills and powers of adaptability.

As events unfold in the next days and weeks, it will be more important than ever before to sharpen our coping skills and survivor instincts. This preparation involves the whole being such as: Physical (basic survival equipment); Mental (ability to handle stress, anxiety, fear, bewilderment); Spiritual (having a sense of purpose, a understanding of process, evolution, transition, and synchronicity. I might add, a general understanding of cycles does present a sorted level of comfort and you may find some assurance that you are just going crazy.

Here In-Lies My Dilemma

There have been several studies on how the public at large would react to sudden, shocking, and possible life threatening scenarios. Examples: 1) Nuclear Attack 2) Natural Disasters 3) Asteroid heading directly at Earth.

On Sept. 11th 2001, and the following days, weeks, and months, various government officials on our television screens arguing for and against allowing the public to be informed of the when-where-how of what happened, and what is going to happen. We heard it was not wise to disclose information which would “panic” the public out of a fear of anarchy, violence, suicides, and general civil-unrest. It was argued, the better way to “minimize” panic was through informing the public of very real and ongoing events, thereby giving the public a chance to understand, prepare and adjust to whatever threats were announced.

My studies have directed me to the latter argument of ‘disclosure’. I believe it is far better to assist in minimizing shock and surprise through education, information and preparation. The theory of ‘omission’ to better serve the public is simply out-dated, assuming it was ever useful at all. I believe we have evolved significantly in our abilities to acquire and process news as it occurs, regardless of its imminent dangers.

Therefore, I have decided to disclose information to you as I receive it. I trust that you can, and will, use your gift of “discernment”. Yes, it is true that many could be prone to suffer negative reactions such as PTSD consequences, but at this time, I believe it is better to be “aware and prepare”. In fact, there are studies which state clearly it is the action of being “aware and prepare” which will minimize the effects of shock, denial and bewilderment.

 

 

 

 

Coming Next: More on types and areas of civil disturbance and earth changing events.

BREAKING NEWS: Cosmic Ray Penetration More Prevalent Than Realized – Photos

Cosmic Ray bolts have been caught on camera showing extremely rare footage of this phenomenon sometimes described as Gigantic Jets or Stratospheric Thunder Bolts. These events are related to another celestial phenomenon known as “sprites” – both of which is the penetration of galactic cosmic rays through Earth’s upper and lower atmosphere.

As mentioned in my recent article “Large CME Explodes on Farside of Sun”, the latest research shows cosmic ray dose rates have increased up to 20% in just the last year. My research suggest this has an influence of Earth’s core by increasing temperatures causing Earth to compensate for maintaining its ambient temperature. This is done by sweating…. Just as us humans sweat through our pores to manage an overheated body, the Earth sweats by releasing magma through its pores known as ‘mantle plumes’.

As evidenced by space weather balloons over the last two years, a steady increase in deep space radiation is penetrating our atmosphere. This increase is largely due to the decline in the solar activity and a weakening magnetic field. This cyclical trend is expected to continue for a few years. I expect we will see an increase in these galactic cosmic ray thunderbolts.

Thank you for your continued support. We’re now about half way there.

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Watch for ongoing reports as information comes in. I also plan to present greater outlines to the science behind by research, especially for those who may be new to my work.

BREAKING NEWS: August 21st Full Solar Eclipse Geographical Areas of Concern

I have highlighted areas of concern as related to the causal effects of a total solar eclipse. If tectonics are at their tipping point, it would not take much to set them off. As mentioned, it is mostly the rapid temperature change which causes an expansion and contraction of Earth’s lithosphere, even if ever so slight.

Most ‘mantle plumes’ as well as volcanoes are sub-marine (ocean bottom); hence the rapid shift in ocean temperatures is also prone to set off a rippling effect which is often unpredictable due to the spider webbing tentacles which connect a system of mantle plumes and volcanoes.

A mantle plume is a large column of hot rock (magma) mostly originating from Earth’s core-mantle boundary. This flow of viscous material rises through the mantle, asthenosphere, and lithosphere finding its way to Earth’s surface or crust. The expanding or contracting movement of these events are the cause of earthquakes and volcanoes. The surface includes ocean bottoms causing an increase of ocean temperatures, which in-turn destabilizing the atmosphere contributing to forming or escalation of tropical storms or hurricanes.

Next article will address perhaps a less scientific direction which suggest the current mode of global political dysfunction, may have some roots in history showing a pattern of “what happens below, reflects what happens above”. This suggest the turmoil which results from earth changing events appears to be in-sync with emotional unrest. Continued scientific data will of course follow.

Watch for ongoing reports as information comes in. I also plan to present greater outlines to the science behind by research, especially for those who may be new to my work.