FOLLOW UP: Probability of Earth Changing Events Within 14 Day

Historical evidence indicates large significant Earth changing events related to a Full Solar Eclipse. A pattern of events falls within a 28 day ‘window’ – as in window of opportunity. My research exhibits a cluster of natural phenomena had historically occurred 14 days prior to an eclipse – or within 14 days after.

The reason for large events to occur prior to a solar eclipse is not yet fully known. I speculate it is related to celestial alignments whereas charged particles and electromagnetic plasma interacts with our Sun and planetary orbs, one of which is Earth.

Close to and during a full solar eclipse, it is the sudden temperature fluctuation which can cause a chain reaction. Producing a sudden and rapid shift in both the jet stream and ocean currents, can cause the destabilization of set seasonal patterns. Additionally, what is often referred to as Extreme Weather involving tornadoes, hurricanes, straight line winds, and wind shears is almost always related to shifting ocean and jet stream

Although temperature flux may be subtle, if tectonics are at their tipping point, it would not take much to set them off. Additionally, the rapid yet subtle temperature change can cause the expansion and contraction of Earth’s lithosphere, which could set off a chain reaction of tectonic slippage resulting in significant earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Remember, the majority of volcanoes are submarine (ocean bottom); hence the rapid shift in ocean temperatures is also prone to set off a rippling effect which is often unpredictable due to the spider webbing tentacles which connect a system of mantle plumes and volcanoes.

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Science Of Cycles keeps you tuned-in and knowledgeable of what we are discovering, and how some of these changes will affect our communities and ways of living.

 

UPDATE: 2019 Full Solar Eclipse and Earth Changing Events

I have highlighted areas of concern as related to the causal effects of a total solar eclipse (shown below). If tectonics are at their tipping point, it would not take much to set them off. As mentioned, it is mostly the rapid temperature change which causes an expansion and contraction of Earth’s lithosphere, even if ever so slight.

Most ‘mantle plumes’ as well as volcanoes are sub-marine (ocean bottom); hence the rapid shift in ocean temperatures is also prone to set off a rippling effect which is often unpredictable due to the spider webbing tentacles which connect a system of mantle plumes and volcanoes.

A mantle plume is a large column of hot rock (magma) mostly originating from Earth’s core-mantle boundary. This flow of viscous material rises through the mantle, asthenosphere, and lithosphere finding its way to Earth’s surface or crust. The expanding or contracting movement of these events are the cause of earthquakes and volcanoes. The surface includes ocean bottoms causing an increase of ocean temperatures, which in-turn destabilizes the lower atmosphere contributing to forming or escalating tropical storms or hurricanes.

Next article will address perhaps a less scientific direction which suggest the current mode of global political dysfunction, may have some roots in history showing a pattern of “what happens below – reflects what happens above”. This suggest the turmoil which results from earth changing events appears to be in-sync with emotional unrest. Continued scientific data will of course follow.

Watch for ongoing reports as information comes in. I also plan to present a more extensive outline to the science behind my research, especially for those who may be new to my work.

‘Bathtub Rings’ Around Titan’s Lakes Might Be Made Of Alien Crystals

The frigid lakeshores of Saturn’s moon Titan might be encrusted with strange, unearthly minerals, according to new research being presented here.

Scientists re-creating Titan-esque conditions in their laboratory have discovered new compounds and minerals not found on Earth, including a co-crystal made of solid acetylene and butane.

Acetylene and butane exist on Earth as gases and are commonly used for welding and camp stove fuel. On Titan, with its extremely cold temperatures, acetylene and butane are solid and combine to form crystals, the new research found.

The new mineral might be responsible for the bathtub rings that are suspected to exist around Titan’s hydrocarbon lakes, according to Morgan Cable of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, who will present the new research Monday at the 2019 Astrobiology Science Conference.

Titan’s lakes are filled with liquid hydrocarbons. Previous research using images and data gathered during the Cassini mission has shown that lakes in the moon’s dry regions near the equator contain signs of evaporated material left behind, like rings on a bathtub.

To create Titan-like conditions in the laboratory, the researchers started with a custom-built cryostat, an apparatus to keep things cold. They filled the cryostat with liquid nitrogen to bring the temperature down. They then warmed the chamber slightly, so the nitrogen turned to gas, which is mostly what Titan’s atmosphere contains. Next, they threw in what abounds on Titan, methane and ethane, as well as other carbon-containing molecules, and looked for what formed.

The first things to drop out of their Titan hydrocarbon soup were benzene crystals. Benzene is perhaps best known as a component of gasoline and is a snowflake-shaped molecule made out of a hexagonal ring of carbon atoms. But Titan benzene held a surprise: The molecules rearranged themselves and allowed ethane molecules inside, creating a co-crystal.

The researchers then discovered the acetylene and butane co-crystal, which is probably a lot more common on Titan than benzene crystals, based on what’s known about the moon’s composition, Cable said.

In the moon’s cold climate, the acetylene-butane co-crystals might form rings around the moon’s lakes as the liquid hydrocarbons evaporate and the minerals drop out — in the same way that salts can form crusts on the shores of Earth’s lakes and seas, according to Cable.

To confirm whether Titan has bathtub rings of co-crystals and other, undiscovered, hydrocarbon crystals, scientists will have to wait until a spacecraft can visit the shorelines of this moon, Cable said.

“We don’t know yet if we have these bathtub rings,” Cable said. “It’s hard to see through Titan’s hazy atmosphere.”

Papua New Guinea’s Mount Ulawun Volcano Erupts And Sends Thousands Of Residents Fleeing

More than 5,000 people have been forced to flee their homes after a volcano erupted in a remote part of Papua New Guinea’s West New Britain, local media have reported.

Eyewitness accounts online showed people evacuating their homes, as a large column of black smoke and red lava spewed from the crater of Mount Ulawun, known to be one of the most hazardous volcanos in the world.

Satellite imagery showed the eruption plume reaching heights of between 13 and 15 kilometres.

Volcanic activity began around 7:00am on Wednesday, with rumbling and booming noises heard throughout the day and an eruption warning was issued prompting an evacuation.

Flights have been cancelled into nearby Hoskins Airport and lava has cut off the New Britain Highway in three different locations, according to local media.

Pilot Eroli Tamara took images of rising smoke as she flew past yesterday afternoon.

“The top of the ash cloud did look to extend well up to 30,000-40,000 feet [10-12 kilometres],” she told the ABC.

Papua New Guinea Post Courier reported that more than 5,000 people have been evacuated so far, but a shortage of vehicles has slowed down the process.

A local community leader told the Post Courier that only five vehicles had been working non-stop to ferry people from the danger zone.

“The Government did not come to help and we had to use whatever means we had to move people,” Christopher Lagisa, a village elder and local palm oil estate owner told the ABC.

Mr Lagisa said that due to lava flows and ash, the local community had to be moved around 20-30 kilometres from the base of the mountain.

He said government disaster officials did not arrive until the evening and foreign companies working in the area did not offer their vehicles to assist in the evacuation.

“I don’t know why the Government came in very late,” he said adding that officials were now arranging for supplies of food and water that will hopefully be delivered today.

Mr Lagisa said the volcano had been monitored all night, but so far there were no reports of injuries or damage to homes.

He said the evacuation notice was expected to last about a week, but the eruption was already appearing to dissipate.

Ulawun is the highest and steepest of all the volcanoes in PNG and is considered to be one of the six ‘high-risk’ volcanoes in the country, according to the Papua New Guinea Geological Survey.

While Ulawun has produced small eruptions periodically for the past few decades, the last eruptions of this scale occurred in September 2000 and again in May 2001.

Tropical Storm Sepat To Threaten Japan With Flooding Downpours, Mudslides

Across the West Pacific, Tropical Storm Sepat will bring the potential for flooding and other impacts to Japan through Friday.

A tropical depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Sepat as it tracked south of mainland Japan on Thursday night, local time. The storm is also called Dodong in the Philippines.

The main impacts of Sepat will be rough surf and heavy rain across Japan.

Rain will expand over Shikoku and Honshu into Thursday night. Tokyo is expected to escape the heaviest rainfall on Thursday; however, a few downpours are possible late Thursday night into Friday morning.

The downpours lingering into Friday morning could result in a slower morning commute for the Greater Tokyo Area.

These downpours will increase the risk of flash flooding while also heightening the risk of mudslides, especially in areas of rugged terrain.

Another non-tropical storm system will spread a round of heavy rain across much of northern Japan from Thursday into Friday; however, Hokkaido will be largely spared with any rainfall limited to far southern parts of the island.

Travel disruptions are also possible, especially in areas that experience heavy rainfall around peak travel times.

Rough seas will be a concern for the southern and eastern coastline of Japan into Friday.

Another round of heavy rainfall is possible across South Korea and Japan this weekend as a storm arrives from China.

This heavy rainfall on top of the rain expected this week will bring an elevated risk for flooding and continue the threat of mudslides.

While the Philippines are forecast to avoid any direct impacts from this tropical system, moisture will be pulled across the country as the storm tracks northward and brings rounds of downpours to the country into this weekend.

The downpours will be most common in central and northern parts of the Philippines with western Luzon at greatest risk for flooding, mudslides and travel disruptions.

Hurricane Center Monitoring 4 Waves In Atlantic; Tropical Storm Alvin Holding Steady

The National Hurricane Center is monitoring four tropical waves in the Atlantic basin and a tropical storm in the Pacific.

Pacific – Location: 535 miles south-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California; Maximum sustained winds: 60 mph ; Movement: west-northwest at 14 mph; Next advisory: 5 a.m.

At 11 a.m., the center of Tropical Storm Alvin was 535 miles south-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California.

Alvin is moving toward the west-northwest near 14 mph. This general motion is expected to continue for the next day or so.

A turn toward the west is expected by late Saturday.

Maximum sustained winds are near 60 mph, with higher gusts.

Some strengthening is possible during the next 24 hours. Weakening is expected to begin Friday, and Alvin is forecast to become a remnant low Saturday.

Tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 25 miles from the center.

Atlantic

There are four tropical waves in the Atlantic basin today, according to NASA’s hurricane web page.

One is in the eastern Atlantic, one in Central Atlantic, and two are in the Caribbean Sea.

Satellite images continue to show dust blowing off Africa’s western coast.

No tropical disturbances are expected in the next 48 hours.

Dry air is surrounding the tropical wave in the eastern Caribbean, limiting development, according to the National Hurricane Center.

The waves in the western Caribbean may have contributed to strong to gale-force winds over the Central Caribbean overnight, the Hurricane Center said.

Study Reveals Key Factor In Himalayan Earthquake Rupture

The Himalayan orogenic belt produces frequent large earthquakes that impact population centers for a distance of over 2500 km. In the central region, the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal, with moment magnitude (MW) 7.8, partially ruptured a ~120-km by 80-km patch of the Main Himalayan Thrust (MHT), the detachment that separates the underthrusting Indian plate from the overriding Himalayan orogeny.

The rupture highlights important scientific questions about Himalayan formation and seismic hazards. These questions include how to distinguish between different possible geometries of the MHT, and how to better define the structural causes and locations of rupture segmentation both across-strike and along-strike in the orogenic belt.

A study led by Prof. BAI Ling from the Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research (ITP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences revealed that the rupture length of the 2015 MW 7.8 Gorkha earthquake was likely controlled by spatial (both along- and across-strike) variations in the Main Himalayan Thrust.

The researchers combined seismic waveforms from several different deployments, including 22 seismic stations ITP had deployed along the China-Nepal border with an average elevation of 4.5 km prior to the earthquake. Using arrival times and waveform modeling, they determined source parameters of earthquakes, velocity structures and discontinuity topography in and around the source area.

The study showed that the MHT exhibited clear lateral variation along the geologic strike, with the Lesser Himalayan ramp having moderate dip on the MHT beneath the mainshock area, and a flatter and deeper MHT beneath the eastern end of the aftershock zone.

Following these observations, the impetus now is to image the entire 2,500-km Himalayan front to determine the morphology of the MHT and the likely controls on the maximum magnitude of rupture that can be accommodated in different parts of this convergence zone.

The study, entitled “Lateral variation of the Main Himalayan Thrust controls the rupture length of the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal,” was published in Science Advances.