(PART III) Magnetic Pole Reversal Coming Sooner Than You Think

According to scientists’ best estimates, the Earth’s magnetic field is now weakening around 10 times faster than previously predicted, losing approximately 5% of its strength every decade. This finding indicates a magnetic pole reversal could be coming sooner rather than later.

magnetic_pole_reversal

 The geomagnetic dipole has decreased by nearly 6% per century since first measured by Gauss in the 1840s. This too is 10-20 times faster than the “Ohmic” decay rate. (The process by which the passage of an electric current through a conductor releases heat). The causes of this rapid decrease in Gauss stability, is the proliferation of reverse magnetic field on the core-mantle boundary. This has occurred especially beneath the South Atlantic with the transference of heat energy in a horizontal stream of the magnetic field from high to low latitudes.

The weakening of Earth’s magnetic field has two fundamental points. First: A weakened magnetic field allows charged particle events such as galactic cosmic rays, gamma rays, solar flares, and coronal mass ejections (CME), to produce enhanced consequences to extreme weather events that include earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, tornadoes etc.

galactic_cosmic_rays_sun_magnetic_field_earths_core_scienceofcycles-com_m

Second: The second major consequence of a weakened magnetic field is its identification as the ‘precursor’ to a magnetic pole shift. It is estimated that Earth’s magnetic field reverses every few thousand years at low latitudes and every 10,000 years at high latitudes. It is believed we are far enough along the cycle that many living today will witness the bouncing back and forth of magnetic north and it swings reaching latitudes below 30°. Magnetic north can also move east and west longitudes.

Precursor First – Then Full Magnetic Flip
Individual magnetic reversal records show a remarkable degree of repeatability, including dipole collapse, rapid polarity change, and fast dipole intensity recovery stages. This is to say historical magnetic field reversals indicate that during the period of Earth’s magnetic field reduction, it will be in flux for several years before a full magnetic flip will incur. At this stage of magnetic minimization close to zero point, the magnetic field may have multiple swings north and south across the equator, additionally with large excursions of geomagnetic polar flux in east and west longitudes.

shifting_magnetic_pole

The final stage of reversal is when the dipole intensity partially recovers. An example of this phenomena would be magnetic north suddenly dropping down to at or below the equator, then rapidly snapping back to say and briefly exceeds the surface non-dipole intensity, which in turn is followed by a very rapid dipole intensity collapse, final reversal, and recovery of the dipole intensity in the new polarity position. The final latitudes and longitude positions are unknown. However, historical records indicate north will be south – and south will be north – but at what degrees North-South-East-West is anyone’s guess.

When the poles flip, having a compass that points South instead of North does not seem like too big of a deal to humans, but there is a question of what will happen other animals. Certain migratory animals like sea turtles and birds use the magnetic field in order to orient themselves. A reversal of the poles could interfere with their ability to do so.

partial_extinction

Another concern about the reversal is that the weakening of the magnetic field, which precedes the flipping event, will mean that it will not be able to adequately shield us from the Sun’s radiation. Although there is no direct evidence in the fossil record of a “mass” extinction correlating with a field reversal or an influx of radiation, records show there have been selective extinctions. Additionally, there is concern of what could happen to power grids, satellites and effects on weather patterns.

The question is not ‘will there be a magnetic pole reversal’, but at what phase are we currently in? I would suggest we are in the last phases. There are many of you who will be able to witness a magnetic reversal firsthand, what transpires over the next 50 to 60 years. Unfortunately, I will not be one of them but my kids will be; and they have been instructed to take good notes and photos to pass on to their kids.

(PART II) The Causes of Heating and Cooling of Earth’s Core and Climate Change

Ongoing studies supported by the NSF (National Science Foundation) indicate a connection between submarine troughs (rifts), Earth’s mantle, and Earth’s outer core. Furthermore, new research indicates the shifting of magnetic flux via Earth’s magnetic field, has a direct and symbiotic relationship to Earth’s outer core, mantle, lithosphere, and crust.

milankovitch_cycles33_scienceofcycles

As a living entity, Earth fights for its survival. If internal or external events begin to throw Earth out of balance i.e. orbital, tilt, or magnetic alignment – it begins to correct itself. When oceanic tectonic subductions occur, it cools the mantle and outer core. To balance this shift in temperatures, the Earth’s core increases heat and as a result releases what is known as “mantle plumes”. These plumes filled with super-heated liquid rock float up to the ocean bottom surface.

galactic_cosmic_rays_sun_magnetic_field_earth_s_core_scienceofcycles-com_m

This action both cools the outer core and heats the oceans. As a result of heated oceans, we get tropical storms and various forms of extreme weather. When troughs, subduction zones, and rifts shift, as a result of convection, earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes occur.

This is to say, during solar maximum it was believed the solar radiation was creating super-heated hydrogen and oxygen atoms and thus generating a super-heated Meso/Thermosphere. In like, it was believed solar minimum would spawn the cooling of H and O atoms thus cooling this region.

________________

Help keep ‘Science of Cycles’ alive and free. Your support is needed to keep this unique and valuable resource. Make your pledge using the drop-down menu under “Science of Cycles Community Support” on the page when you – CLICK HERE –

______________

shifting_magnetic_pole_and_weakening_scienceofcycles-com_m

What makes this all work is the Earth’s magnetic field. Right now the magnetic field is weakening significantly. This will continue until it reaches zero point, at which time there will be a full magnetic reversal. Until this time, we will witness magnetic north bouncing in the northern hemisphere. Closer to the moments of a full reversal, we will see magnetic north drop down to/then below the equator.

As a result of a weakened magnetic field, larger amounts of radiation via charged particles such as solar flares, coronal mass ejections, gamma rays, and galactic cosmic rays – are more abundantly reaching Earth’s atmosphere and having a heightened reaction with Earth’s core layers. This is what causes looped reaction. Radiation heats the core layers, the outer core reacts by producing ‘mantle plumes’, which causes crustal fracturing, which then causes earthquakes, volcanoes, heated oceans – all of which cools the outer core.

What this adds up to is the natural cyclical mechanics identifying a coming magnetic reversal. We can expect to see the aurora borealis to shine its wonderment waves in the skies more often, and we can expect them to come further south with each coming few years. The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) will need to double its staff over the next five decades, as they play “catch the bouncing ball” having to re-calibrate instruments more and more often as they vector in true-north as all GPS and Compass’s do their best to stay on target.

There Needs to be a Part – III  COMING NEXT WEEK: “Magnetic Pole Reversal Happens All The (Geologic) Time”


I’ve been away from the family on a few occasions working with my Emergency Management Team dealing with a few natural disasters. Unfortunately, this dips into my regular ability to earn income. As most of you know I have two wonderful girls ages 8 and 4, and I’m feeling a bit guilty for not preparing to make sure they have a wonderful Christmas with toys and gifts under the tree.

sophia_alexa_santa_2016_

In my part-time volunteer work with EMO, when duty calls, I answer. It’s part of what I do on my chosen journey.

By you helping with keeping Science of Cycles up and running, on this occasion in kind of a indirect way, you will place a gift under the tree.     Cheers, Mitch


_science-of-cycles-and-earth-changes-tv-banner_mHelp keep ‘Science of Cycles’ alive and free. Your support is needed to keep this unique and valuable resource. Make your pledge using the drop-down menu under “Science of Cycles Community Support” on the page when you – CLICK HERE –

 

New Study Indicates Many Scientists Clueless to Cause of Climate Cycles

Now, two first-of-their-kind studies provide new insight into the deep history of the Greenland Ice Sheet, looking back millions of years farther than previous techniques allowed. However, the two studies present some strongly contrasting evidence about how Greenland‘s ice sheet may have responded to past climate change – bringing new urgency to the need to understand if and how the giant ice sheet might dramatically accelerate its melt-off in the near future.

green_vs_greem_scienceofcycles

The two new studies were published in the journal Nature on December 8, including one led by University of Vermont geologist Paul Bierman. The other led by Joerg Schaefer of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Columbia University.

Bierman and four colleagues – from UVM, Boston College, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, and Imperial College London – studied deep cores of ocean-bottom mud containing bits of bedrock that eroded off of the east side of Greenland. Their results show that East Greenland has been actively scoured by glacial ice for much of the last 7.5 million years – and indicate that the ice sheet on this eastern flank of the island has not completely melted for long, if at all, in the past several million years. This result is consistent with existing computer models. Since the data the team collected only came from samples off the east side of Greenland, their results do not provide a definitive picture of the Greenland ice sheet.

artic-ice-growth

The other study in Nature – led by Joerg Schaefer of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Columbia University, and colleagues – looked at a small sample of bedrock from one location beneath the middle of the existing ice sheet and came to what appears to be a different conclusion: Greenland was nearly ice-free for at least 280,000 years during the middle Pleistocene – about 1.1 million years ago. This possibility is in contrast to existing computer models.

“These results appear to be contradictory” UVM’s Bierman says. He notes that both studies have “some blurriness,” he says, in what they are able to resolve about short-term changes and the size of the ancient ice sheet. “Their study is a bit like one needle in a haystack,” he says, “and ours is like having the whole haystack, but not being sure how big it is.”

Both Studies Analyze Cosmic Ray Bombardment in Bedrock

_cosmic_rays_earth_m

Both teams of scientists used, “a powerful new tool for Earth scientists,” says Dylan Rood, a scientist at Imperial College London and a co-author on the Bierman-led study: isotopes within grains of quartz, produced when bedrock is bombarded by cosmic rays from space. The isotopes come into being when rock is at or near Earth’s surface – but not when it’s buried under an overlying ice sheet. By looking at the ratio of two of these cosmic-ray-made elements – aluminum-26 and beryllium-10 caught in crystals of quartz, and measured in an accelerator mass spectrometer – the scientists were able to calculate how long the rocks in their samples had been exposed to the sky versus covered by ice.

All ‘Original Seven’ American Astronauts Now Dead

John Glenn’s passing on Thursday Dec. 8th 2016 means that the first seven American astronauts chosen to lead the fledgling US space program in 1959 are now dead, ending a groundbreaking chapter in American history.

mercury-7-astronauts

This crew of military aviators, known as the Original Seven, or “Mercury 7,” proved that spaceflight was possible, and paved the way for the pioneering US trips to the moon. Their saga inspired the 1979 Tom Wolfe book “The Right Stuff,” and the 1983 movie classic of the same name. Here are the feats the seven are best known for, and how they died:

mercury-7-astronauts2

Alan B. Shepard,
The first American to journey into space, Shepard launched on May 5, 1961, aboard the Freedom 7 spacecraft. His flight was suborbital, rising to an altitude of 116 statute miles (186 kilometers) before landing back on Earth. He later commanded the Apollo 14 in 1971—the third lunar landing – and became the fifth person to walk on the Moon. Shepard died in 1998 at the age of 74 from leukemia.

John H. Glenn,
The first American to orbit the Earth, Glenn is best known for making his three tours around the planet on February 20, 1962.
He was also elected US senator in Ohio and served as a lawmaker from 1974 to 1999. In 1998, at the age of 77, Glenn became the oldest person to fly in space when he journeyed aboard the space shuttle Discovery. Glenn died Thursday at the age of 95. He had been in declining health since undergoing heart valve surgery in 2014.

Virgil ‘Gus’ Grissom
Grissom was the first person to be launched into space twice. He flew on the second suborbital Mercury flight in 1961, and in 1965 piloted the first Gemini mission, which was also the first spaceflight to change its orbital plane. He and two others were killed in 1967 in a fire during a launch pad test ahead of the planned Apollo 1 mission, which he was slated to command.

Scott Carpenter
Carpenter radioed the now famous phrase, “Godspeed, John Glenn” as his colleague was about to embark on the first US orbital flight in 1962. Later that year, Carpenter became the second American to orbit the Earth. After circling the Earth three times in the Aurora 7 capsule, he overshot his landing target by about 250 miles (400 kilometers). Carpenter took a leave of absence from NASA and served as an aquanaut in the Navy’s Man-in-the-Sea program in 1965. He died in 2013 at the age of 88 after suffering a stroke.

Gordon Cooper,
In 1963, Cooper flew on the final Mercury mission and became the last US astronaut to fly alone in space. His Faith 7 capsule circled the Earth 22 times and the mission lasted more than a day. His second trip to space – aboard Gemini 5 in 1965 – lasted eight days and set a new space endurance record for that era. Cooper was said to be the first American to sleep in space. He reported having no dreams during his orbital slumber. He died in 2004 of heart failure at the age of 77.

Walter M. Schirra,
Schirra became the first man to fly aboard all three of the United States’ first three human space projects – the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo missions. He was command pilot on Gemini 6 in 1965 when he led the first spacecraft rendezvous by flying within one foot of the already orbiting Gemini 7. He also commanded the first piloted Apollo mission, Apollo 7, in 1968. Schirra died of a heart attack while being treated for abdominal cancer in 2007 at the age of 84.

Donald ‘Deke’ Slayton
Slayton was chosen to be part of the original Mercury missions but was unable to fly in 1962 because of an erratic heart rate. He became NASA’s director of Flight Crew Operations, and was eventually cleared for spaceflight a decade later. In 1975, he flew aboard the first joint American-Soviet space mission, Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, which marked the first docking of an American and Russian spacecraft in space. Slayton died of a brain tumor in 1993, at the age of 69.

mercury-7-astronauts3

 

BREAKING NEWS: New Study Shows Counter-Intuitive Finding Of Warming and Cooling Cycles in Earth’s Thermosphere  (PART I  of  II)

New discoveries have reversed scientific templates and formulas which were used for decades by climatologists, astrophysicists, cosmologists and other disciplines to understand the Earth – Sun connection which includes space weather and climate change. It was historically believed the Sun’s solar cycle was in harmony with the fluctuation of heating and cooling of the Mesosphere and Thermosphere.

This is to say, during solar maximum it was believed the solar radiation was creating super-heated hydrogen and oxygen atoms and thus generating a super-heated Meso/Thermosphere. In like, it was believed solar minimum would spawn the cooling of H and O atoms thus cooling this region.

Help keep ‘Science of Cycles’ alive and free. Your support is needed to keep this unique and valuable resource. Make your pledge using the drop-down menu under “Science of Cycles Community Support” on the page when you – CLICK HERE –

timed_spacecraft_scienceofcycles

Scientists using the TIMED (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics) satellite, have upended the above universally accepted theory highlighting a second ‘counter-intuitive’ platform of the Sun-Earth connection as it related to climate, a more accurate statement would be (as it relates to cyclical warming and cooling trends.)  I mention the “second” counter-intuitive’ concept with the “first” being my published research identifying the natural cyclical inter-working of the Earth’s inner core, outer core, mantle, and lithosphere.

energetic_effects_sun_earth_scienceofcycles

The TIMED satellite (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics) primary science objective of the TIMED mission is to understand the energy transfer into and out of the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere/Ionosphere region of Earth’s atmosphere. This region is located approximately 40-110 miles (60-180 kilometers) above the surface and is a gateway between Earth’s environment and space, where the Sun’s energy is first deposited into Earth’s environment.

To put in the most simple, yet scientifically sound foundation and absolutely amazing term – “so it is above – as it is below”.

_soc_page

Important Editors Statement: Folks, Mitch here telling you this new discovery is putting me at another level of understanding and yet ironically creates a bit of consternation as to the astonishing accuracy of my research. As a background to my current moment of conflict, I have personally interviewed the most brilliant scientists in the world. I have produced “on the record” in-depth discussions publicly recorded and published – and I have had “off the record” discussions of which I cannot disclose due to the sensitive nature of their positions. What I am reflecting upon is once again the brilliance of these minds of which I humbly say are far beyond my own – yet for some known, but mostly unknown reason, they could not see what I see. Part of that answer is the compartmentalizing of their focused discipline, their academic and agency directive, the drive to push their selected field of research one step beyond the known.

book_combo_m

I have published two books both of which are telling of the knowledge I have acquired from such people who just happen to be gifted scientists. It is also no secret they come from the highest established agencies such as NASA, NOAA, ESA, US Naval Observatory, Royal Observatory to name a few. Also from the greatest educational establishments such a USC, UCLA, Harvard, Johns Hopkins to name a few more.

COMING NEXT WEEK – First Counter-Intuitive Concept
(Part – II) The Cause of Heating and Cooling Cycles of Earth’s Core and Climate Change


_science-of-cycles-and-earth-changes-tv-banner_mHelp keep ‘Science of Cycles’ alive and free. Your support is needed to keep this unique and valuable resource. Make your pledge using the drop-down menu under “Science of Cycles Community Support” on the page when you – CLICK HERE –

 

Cosmic Dust Found in City Rooftop Gutters

A small team of researchers with Imperial College London, the Natural History Museum in London, Project Stardust in Norway and Université Libre de Bruxelles in Belgium, has found samples of cosmic dust in the gutters of buildings in three major cities. In their paper published in the journal Geology, the team describes how they found cosmic dust particles the samples, what they look like and what they may reveal about the origins of the solar system.

cosmic_dust_scienceofcycles

Up till now, researchers looking for space dust have usually had to travel to the Antarctic – it was thought the tiny particles, believed to be left over remnants of the formation of the solar system, would be too difficult to find in places where there is a proliferation of other dust types, particularly in areas where people live. John Larson, an amateur space scientist with Project Stardust, came to researchers at Imperial College suggesting that maybe space dust could be found on rooftops. The team traveled to Oslo, Berlin and Paris and obtained 300 kilograms of dirt samples from rain gutters on rooftops. Back in the lab, they used magnets to pull possible cosmic dust grains from within the muck. They report that they found and identified approximately 500 samples.

The team also report that the dust grains they found were larger than those typically found in Antarctica – they measured approximately 0.3 millimeters as opposed to the customary average of 0.01 millimeters. They also noted the grains had fewer feather-like crystals than those found in Antarctica. They suggest the differences are likely due to age – those from Antarctica are typically much older, which would mean the planets would have been aligned slightly differently when they fell to Earth.

That differences indicate dust particles falling through the atmosphere would have been traveling much faster in more recent times due to a difference in trajectory – up to 12 kilometers per second, the fastest ever recorded for space dust. Those differences may illuminate the movement of the planets relative to one another over time, helping to understand the history of the solar system.

Cluster Galaxy Immersed in Giant Cloud of Cold Gas

Astronomers studying a cluster of still-forming protogalaxies seen as they were more than 10 billion years ago have found that a giant galaxy in the center of the cluster is forming from a surprisingly-dense soup of molecular gas.

clusterofgalaxies_scienceofcycles

“This is different from what we see in the nearby Universe, where galaxies in clusters grow by cannibalizing other galaxies. In this cluster, a giant galaxy is growing by feeding on the soup of cold gas in which it is submerged,” said Bjorn Emonts of the Center for Astrobiology in Spain, who led an international research team.

The scientists studied an object called the Spiderweb Galaxy, which actually is not yet a single galaxy, but a clustering of protogalaxies more than 10 billion light-years from Earth. At that distance, the object is seen as it was when the Universe was only 3 billion years old. The astronomers used the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) and the National Science Foundation’s Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) to detect carbon monoxide (CO) gas.

The presence of the CO gas indicates a larger quantity of molecular hydrogen, which is much more difficult to detect. The astronomers estimated that the molecular gas totals more than 100 billion times the mass of the Sun. Not only is this quantity of gas surprising, they said, but the gas also must be unexpectedly cold, about minus-200 degrees Celsius. Such cold molecular gas is the raw material for new stars.

The CO in this gas indicates that it has been enriched by the supernova explosions of earlier generations of stars. The carbon and oxygen in the CO was formed in the cores of stars that later exploded.

The ATCA observations revealed the total extent of the gas, and the VLA observations, much more narrowly focused, provided another surprise. Most of the cold gas was found, not within the protogalaxies, but instead between them.
“This is a huge system, with this molecular gas spanning three times the size of our own Milky Way Galaxy,” said Preshanth Jagannathan, of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Socorro, NM.

Earlier observations of the Spiderweb, made at ultraviolet wavelengths, have indicated that rapid star formation is ongoing across most of the region occupied by the gas.

“It appears that this whole system eventually will collapse into a single, gigantic galaxy,” Jagannathan said.

“These observations give us a fascinating look at what we believe is an early stage in the growth of massive galaxies in clusters, a stage far different from galaxy growth in the current Universe,” said Chris Carilli, of NRAO.