BREAKING NEWS: Powerful Acquiescence of Battros ‘Equation’ in New Discovery – Charged Particle Acceleration

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“If talking about fronts and shock-waves and temperature differentials, it sounds a lot like the weather on Earth, that’s because there is not much difference as far as the physics involved. “Technically, we observe the same features in space that we do on Earth,” says Dasadia Sarthak, lead author of this new research and published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters. “This area has been studied extensively before at small scales, but few had done the work to discover what I found here at such big scales.”

New Equation:
Increase Charged Particles and Decreased Magnetic Field → Increase Outer Core Convection → Increase of Mantle Plumes → Increase in Earthquake and Volcanoes → Cools Mantle and Outer Core → Return of Outer Core Convection (Mitch Battros – July 2012)

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Already, scientists are targeting shock-waves in galaxy clusters to study dark matter, the magnetic field surrounding the cluster, charged particle acceleration and energy transfer in the intra-cluster medium. “This could open a door, where people can do a number of different studies based on what I have found,” says Dasadia Sarthak, from the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH).

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The discovery occurred in the merging galaxy cluster ‘Abell 655 by using observations from the Chandra X-ray Observatory. It is the second-strongest merging shock-wave within a galaxy cluster ever observed generating excitement that is opening doors to further scientific exploration.

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This uncommon form of hot plasma discharge ejecting waves of charged particles provides unique opportunities to study this high-energy phenomena in the intra-cluster medium between galaxies.

In only 10 days, Dasadia’s research was accepted for publication by The Astrophysical Journal Letters. Dasadia recently received one year of research support from the Alabama EPSCoR Graduate Research Scholars Program (ALEPSCoR). He also gave an oral presentation on his research in August at the International Astronomical Union (IAU) General Assembly in Honolulu, Hawaii.

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The universe is populated with galaxy clusters that are relaxed and unrelaxed, Dasadia says. The relaxed ones are mellow — they’ve been around a lot longer, have seen lots of past mergers and really aren’t dynamically active. It’s the unrelaxed clusters like Abell 665 that are good candidates to study merger features such as shocks and turbulence.

When the undefined boundaries of massive clusters of galaxies 3 million light-years across are drawn together in a slow-motion collision, their cold cores and surrounding hot gases are disrupted into shock waves and gas fronts of various temperatures.

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“When two cold cores collide, they may create a shock of heated gas,” Dasadia says. “Such mergers are actually among the most energetic events in the universe, other than the Big Bang itself.”

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If talking about fronts and shock waves and temperature differentials sounds a lot like the weather on Earth, Dasadia says that’s because there is not much difference as far as the physics involved.

“Technically, we observe the same features in space that we do on Earth,” he says. “This area has been studied extensively before at small scales, but few had done the work to discover what I found here at such big scales.”

“It amazes me how long it takes for this information to even reach the Earth,” Dasadia says. “Then I am also amazed by our technology, by how much we have advanced in developing the telescopes and equipment it takes to be able to observe and study these interactions.”

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